Broccoli grows like a tree with a thick, edible trunk that sprouts leaves, or branches and clusters of small, tight flower heads that turn bright green when cooked. Once fully mature or bolting, the flower buds will sprout golden yellow edible flowers.
Broccoli is harvested year-round, though it is a cool weather crop with a peak season from October through April.
Broccoli can be eaten fresh or cooked and is mild enough to be paired with numerous flavors and textures. Saute carrots, onions and celery in a pot, add chopped broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts and vegetable stock then cook until softened and puree into soup. Add chopped broccoli florets to egg custard, pour into par-baked tart shell and bake until set. Toss fresh broccoli with grated carrots and a mayo-based dressing for a cold salad. Cook chopped broccoli with cream, then puree and strain into a sauce for seafood or pasta. Broccoli will keep, refrigerated for up to a week.